To the east, a bridge connected Manama to Muharraq sincea new causeway was built in which replaced the old wooden bridge. Thereafter, the Qarmatians demanded tribute from the caliph in Baghdadand in sacked Mecca and Medinabringing the sacred Black Stone back to their base in Ahsain medieval Bahrain, for ransom. Retrieved 15 June Bahraini Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2 July
Some of the popular historical tourist attractions in the kingdom are the Al Khamis Mosquewhich is one of the oldest mosques in the region, the Arad fort in Muharraq, Barbar templewhich is an ancient temple from the Dilmunite period of Bahrain, as well as the A'ali Burial Mounds and the Saar temple.
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Retrieved 14 September Retrieved 3 June American Bahraini Friendship Society. The Hawar Islands Protected Area provides valuable feeding and breeding grounds for a variety of migratory seabirds, it is an internationally recognised site for bird migration. Retrieved 13 October